Suppose the Person X has got a plot of 1,000 sq ft and the permissible FAR, according to municipality is 2.5. He can construct building which has maximum buildup area of 2500 sq ft. Obeying all other basic bye-laws as well.
The FAR for every building will differ depending upon its usage, type of construction, the locality the width of the road
The total area covered by the building on the ground floor is known as ground coverage. Based on restrictions of height and FAR, the ground coverage can be adjusted to get maximum usage of the plot.
The ground coverage area is calculated by dividing the Building ground Floor area with the total plot area. Building area means the floor space of a building when looking down at it from top. Ground Coverage Area = (Building Ground Floor Area / Site Area) X 100
A building setback is the open space between the building and the property boundary or lot line. We can construct the house only up to the setback line. This again varies for different types of buildings. The setback line is applicable not just in the front, but also around the entire building. The total plot area is another determining factor for the setback line.
The height of a building is the vertical distance between the average level of the ground and the topmost point of the building. Remember, if there is a basement to your house, it will not be considered in height measurement.
Depending upon the locality and your FAR, there will be a maximum limit to how tall you can construct your house.
As per KMC Maximum permissible height is 17 meters from road level . The basement is the lower storey of a building, constructed below or partly below the ground. Depending upon the Zone there is a restriction to the height of the Building.
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Note : The above Bye laws are for city of Kathmandu and limited to residential subzones only.
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